comes from a root that means to melt, dissolve, or consume --
as by fire that tests the quality of something. As a noun, the
word is often translated as "test," "trial," or "temptation,"
and is directly used to name the place where the children of
Israel rebelled against God in the wilderness (Ex 17:7; Deut 6:16, Psalm 95:8; Hebrews 3:7-9). Significantly, massah
can also mean "despair," in the sense of "melting of
heart," and is usually rendered as mockery or scorn (Job 9:23).